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Dr. Rul von Stülpnagel



2009-08-29 18.55.45 (2) (269x350).jpg
room:  03-015
phone: +49 761 203 4944
fax: +49 761 203 4938
e-mail: rul.von.stuelpnagel@cognition.uni-freiburg.de

Center for Cognitive Science
Hebelstraße 10

D-79104 Freiburg, Germany


Artikel in Uni'Leben (Ausgabe 02-2016, S. 9) - Wir spielen Memory!

Video (7:02min) zur Memory Lab Tour 2016 des Neurey Neuro Campus)


  • MI, 10-12h

Research Interests

My main research interest throughout the last years concerned various aspects of human spatial cognition. In my dissertation, I investigated the concept of "active navigation" and its effects on spatial learning and memory both in virtual and real environments. More recently, I started analyzing the salience of landmarks with a focus on their structural salience (as compared to their visual and semantic salience) with a wide range of methods encompassing sketch map analyses, mobile eye tracking, and space syntax.

I am also interested in risk perception during urban cycling, and how this perception is linked to the spatial configuration of the local environment.

Finally, I am currently trying to the determine the space and shape of what people consider as their neighorhood. 


11/2015-11/2020  SoNaTe - Soziale Nachbarschaft und Technik. (Principal investigator of sub-project together with PD Dr. Marco Ragni, Freiburg University; funded by BMBF.)

06/2015-11/2015: Raumkonfiguration als Ursache subjektiver Gefährdung bei Radfahrern im Straßenverkehr: Eine Space Syntax Analyse von Crowdsourcing-Daten in der Münchner Innenstadt. (Grant by Innovationsfonds Forschung 2015/1, Freiburg University.)

10/2012-10/2013: Mitarbeit in folgenden Projekten des SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition:


since 11/2013 Lecturer (Akad. Rat) at the Center for Cognitive Science, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
10/2012-10/2013 Post-Doc Researcher, supervised by PD Dr. Christoph Hölscher, Center for Cognitive Science, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
06/2011 Dr. phil. (PhD), Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. Title: The influence of active and passive navigation on spatial memory of drivers and co-drivers
11/2007-09/2012 Research Assistant, supervised by Prof. Dr. Melanie C. Steffens, Department of Psychology: Social Cognition and Cognitive Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
02/2007-05/2007 Research Internship, supervised by Prof. Dr. Jamin Halberstadt, Social Cognition Laboratory, University of Otago, New Zealand
02/2007 Diploma, Psychology - Universität Trier. Title: The Fast and the Smart: Does Fluid Intelligence Moderate the IAT Effect?
04/2005-05/2005 Scientific Assistant, supervised by Prof. Dr. Melanie C. Steffens, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena





von Stülpnagel, R. & Krukar, J. (2018). Risk Perception during Urban Cycling: An Assessment of Crowdsourced and Authoritative Data. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 121, 109-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.09.009
Albrecht, R., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2018). Memory for Salient Landmarks: Empirical Findings and a Cognitive Model. In Spatial Cognition XI, edited by Sarah Creem-Regehr, Johannes Schöning, and Alexander Klippel, 11034:311–325. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-96385-3_21.
von Stülpnagel, R., Langenfeld, V., and Hölscher, C. (2018). Differences and Commonalities in Self-localization Accuracy of Humans and Robots in a Complex Building. In Spatial Cognition XI, edited by Sarah Creem-Regehr, Johannes Schöning, and Alexander Klippel, 11034:311–25. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-96385-3_11.
Ewert, C., Truong, N. H., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2018). Interpersonelles Vertrauen auf P2P Sharing-Plattformen. In Hess S., Fischer H. (Eds.) Mensch und Computer 2018-Usability Professionals, 385-392. Dresden, Germany, September 2nd-5th 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.18420/muc2018-mci-0252
Truong, N. H., Brand, D., Ewert, C., Wächter, L., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2018). Developers' Needs and Severity Conceptions of Usability Problems. In Dachselt R., Weber G. (Eds.) Mensch und Computer 2018 – Tagungsband, 13-22. Dresden, Germany, September 2nd-5th 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.18420/muc2018-mci-0200
Schmid, K. & von Stülpnagel, R. (2018). Quantifying Local Spatial Properties through LiDAR-based Isovists for an Evaluation of Opinion-based VGI in a VR Setup. In Raubal, M., Kiefer, P., Huang, H., & Van de Weghe, N. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Location Bases Services (LBS 2018), 173-178. Zurich, Switzerland, January 15th-17th 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000225613
Schmidt, S., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2018). Risk Perception and Gaze Behavior during Urban Cycling – A Field Study. In Kiefer, P., Giannopoulos, I., Göbel, F., Raubal, M., & Duchowski, A. (Eds.) ET4S Eye Tracking for Spatial Research, Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop, 34-39. ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, January 14th 2018. doi: 10.3929/ethz-b-000222474.


Wenczel, F., Hepperle, L., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2017). Gaze Behavior during Incidental and Intentional Route Learning and Route Retrieval in Outdoor NavigationSpatial Cognition & Computation, 17(1-2), 121-142. doi: 10.1080/13875868.2016.1226838


von Stülpnagel, R., Schult, J. C., Richter, C., & Steffens, M. C. (2016). Cognitive costs of encoding novel natural activities: Can 'Learning by doing' be deflective and deceptive? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(8), 1545-1563. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1087581

von Stülpnagel, R., Steffens, M. C., & Schult, J. C. (2016). Memory for Five Novel Naturalistic Activities: No Memory Recall Advantage for Enactment over Observation or Pictorial Learning. Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis, 12(2), 1-16.


Steffens, M. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Schult, J. C. (2015). Memory Recall after “Learning by Doing” and “Learning by Viewing”: Boundary Conditions of an Enactment Benefit. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1907. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01907.

von Stülpnagel, R. & Frankenstein, J. (2015). Configurational salience of landmarks: an analysis of sketch maps using Space Syntax. Cognitive Processing, 16(1), 437-441. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-015-0726-5


Schwarzkopf, S., Müller-Feldmeth, D., Büchner, S. J., Hölscher, C., Kallert, G., von Stülpnagel, R., & Konieczny, L. (2014). Location dependent fixation analysis with sight vectors. Locomotion as a challenge in mobile eye tracking. In Kiefer, P., Giannopoulos, I., Raubal, M., & Krüger, A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Eye Tracking for Spatial Research, co-located with the 8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2014), 67-71. Vienna, Austria, September 23th, 2014.

von Stülpnagel, R., Kuliga, S., Büchner, & S. Hölscher, C. (2014). Supra-individual consistencies in navigator-driven landmark placement for spatial learningIn Bello P., Guarini M., McShane M. & Scassellati B. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1706-1711. Austin TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Schult, J. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2014). Enactment versus observation: processing item-specific and relational information in goal-directed action sequences (and lists of single actions). PLoS ONE, 9(6), e99985. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099985


Schwarzkopf, S., von Stülpnagel, R., Büchner, S. J., Konieczny, L., Kallert, G., & Hölscher, C. (2013). What lab eye-tracking tells us about wayfinding. A comparison of stationary and mobile eye-tracking in a large building scenario. 1st International workshop on eye tracking for spatial research, ET4S 2013 (in conjunction with COSIT 2013), Scarborough, 2.9.2013. 

2012 and before

von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2012). Can active navigation be as good as driving? A comparison of spatial memory in drivers and backseat-drivers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18(2),162-77.

von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2010). Prejudiced or just smart? Intelligence as a confounding factor in the IAT effect. Zeitschrift für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 218, 51-53. (Online supplementary available on request.)

Ebert, I. D., Steffens, M. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Jelenec, P. (2009). How to like yourself better, or chocolate, less: Changing implicit attitudes with one IAT task. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1098-1104.

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