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Dr. Rul von Stülpnagel



2009-08-29 18.55.45 (2) (269x350).jpg
room:  03-015
phone: +49 761 203 4944
fax: +49 761 203 4938
e-mail: rul.von.stuelpnagel@cognition.uni-freiburg.de

Center for Cognitive Science
Hebelstraße 10

D-79104 Freiburg, Germany


Artikel in Uni'Leben (Ausgabe 02-2016, S. 9) - Wir spielen Memory!

Video (7:02min) zur Memory Lab Tour 2016 des Neurey Neuro Campus)


  • MI, 10-12h

Research Interests

My main research interest throughout the last years concerned various aspects of human spatial cognition. In my dissertation, I investigated the concept of "active navigation" and its effects on spatial learning and memory both in virtual and real environments. More recently, I started analyzing the salience of landmarks with a focus on their structural salience (as compared to their visual and semantic salience) with a wide range of methods encompassing sketch map analyses, mobile eye tracking, and space syntax.

My other areas of interest and expertise are action and activity memory of actors and observers, methodological challenges of the Implicit Association Test (IAT), and usability in human-computer-interactions. 


11/2015-11/2020  SoNaTe - Soziale Nachbarschaft und Technik. (Principal investigator of sub-project together with PD Dr. Marco Ragni, Freiburg University; funded by BMBF.)

06/2015-11/2015: Raumkonfiguration als Ursache subjektiver Gefährdung bei Radfahrern im Straßenverkehr: Eine Space Syntax Analyse von Crowdsourcing-Daten in der Münchner Innenstadt. (Grant by Innovationsfonds Forschung 2015/1, Freiburg University.)

10/2012-10/2013: Mitarbeit in folgenden Projekten des SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition:


since 11/2013 Lecturer (Akad. Rat) at the Center for Cognitive Science, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
10/2012-10/2013 Post-Doc Researcher, supervised by PD Dr. Christoph Hölscher, Center for Cognitive Science, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
06/2011 Dr. phil. (PhD), Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. Title: The influence of active and passive navigation on spatial memory of drivers and co-drivers
11/2007-09/2012 Research Assistant, supervised by Prof. Dr. Melanie C. Steffens, Department of Psychology: Social Cognition and Cognitive Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
02/2007-05/2007 Research Internship, supervised by Prof. Dr. Jamin Halberstadt, Social Cognition Laboratory, University of Otago, New Zealand
02/2007 Diploma, Psychology - Universität Trier. Title: The Fast and the Smart: Does Fluid Intelligence Moderate the IAT Effect?
04/2005-05/2005 Scientific Assistant, supervised by Prof. Dr. Melanie C. Steffens, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena





Wenczel, F., Hepperle, L., & von Stülpnagel, R. (2017). Gaze Behavior during Incidental and Intentional Route Learning and Route Retrieval in Outdoor NavigationSpatial Cognition & Computation, 17(1-2), 121-142. doi: 10.1080/13875868.2016.1226838


von Stülpnagel, R., Schult, J. C., Richter, C., & Steffens, M. C. (2016). Cognitive costs of encoding novel natural activities: Can 'Learning by doing' be deflective and deceptive? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(8), 1545-1563. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1087581

von Stülpnagel, R., Steffens, M. C., & Schult, J. C. (2016). Memory for Five Novel Naturalistic Activities: No Memory Recall Advantage for Enactment over Observation or Pictorial Learning. Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis, 12(2), 1-16.


Steffens, M. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Schult, J. C. (2015). Memory Recall after “Learning by Doing” and “Learning by Viewing”: Boundary Conditions of an Enactment Benefit. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1907. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01907.

von Stülpnagel, R. & Frankenstein, J. (2015). Configurational salience of landmarks: an analysis of sketch maps using Space Syntax. Cognitive Processing, 16(1), 437-441. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-015-0726-5


Schwarzkopf, S., Müller-Feldmeth, D., Büchner, S. J., Hölscher, C., Kallert, G., von Stülpnagel, R., & Konieczny, L. (2014). Location dependent fixation analysis with sight vectors. Locomotion as a challenge in mobile eye tracking. In Kiefer, P., Giannopoulos, I., Raubal, M., & Krüger, A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Eye Tracking for Spatial Research, co-located with the 8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2014), 67-71. Vienna, Austria, September 23, 2014.

von Stülpnagel, R., Kuliga, S., Büchner, & S. Hölscher, C. (2014). Supra-individual consistencies in navigator-driven landmark placement for spatial learningIn Bello P., Guarini M., McShane M. & Scassellati B. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1706-1711. Austin TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Schult, J. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2014). Enactment versus observation: processing item-specific and relational information in goal-directed action sequences (and lists of single actions). PLoS ONE, 9(6), e99985. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099985


Schwarzkopf, S., von Stülpnagel, R., Büchner, S. J., Konieczny, L., Kallert, G., & Hölscher, C. (2013). What lab eye-tracking tells us about wayfinding. A comparison of stationary and mobile eye-tracking in a large building scenario. 1st International workshop on eye tracking for spatial research, ET4S 2013 (in conjunction with COSIT 2013), Scarborough, 2.9.2013. 

2012 and before

von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2012). Can active navigation be as good as driving? A comparison of spatial memory in drivers and backseat-drivers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18(2),162-77.

von Stülpnagel, R., & Steffens, M. C. (2010). Prejudiced or just smart? Intelligence as a confounding factor in the IAT effect. Zeitschrift für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 218, 51-53. (Online supplementary available on request.)

Ebert, I. D., Steffens, M. C., von Stülpnagel, R., & Jelenec, P. (2009). How to like yourself better, or chocolate, less: Changing implicit attitudes with one IAT task. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1098-1104.




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